Tag: oitf-extrinsic-back-muscles

Extrinsic Back Muscles- Functional Anatomy

Extrinsic Back Muscles Extrinsic back muscles connect the occiput, spine, and pelvis to the upper extremity. They elevate and depress the scapula but, mostly, retract the scapula. Click on the images below for more informationContinue reading

Trapezius – Functional Anatomy

Trapezius The trapezius is a triangular muscle that connects the occiput, cervical vertebrae, and thoracic vertebrae to the shoulder girdle through the ribs, manubrium, and sternum. It has three sections: upper, middle and lower. TheyContinue reading

Latissimus Dorsi- Functional Anatomy

Latissimus Dorsi Latissimus dorsi is a broad, flat muscle that connects the mid-back, low-back, and pelvis to the humerus through the thoracic vertebrae, clavicle, and scapula. Latissimus dorsi has extensive attachments and provides complex functionsContinue reading

Rhomboids – Functional Anatomy

Rhomboid Muscles The rhomboids attach the upper thoracic and lower cervical vertebrae to the scapula through the ribs and clavicle. The rhomboids, which are usually thought of as retracting the scapula, are surprisingly active inContinue reading

Levator Scapula – Functional Anatomy

Levator Scapula Levator scapula is a ropy muscle that connects the scapula to the upper cervical vertebrae through the clavicle, manubrium, first rib and lower cervical vertebrae. Levator Scapula is often poorly illustrated without theContinue reading

Trigger Points – Sore shoulder from strap or lifting overhead

Client’s Description People complain of a couple of different things. Active people complain of pain on the top of their shoulder when lifting their arm. When I ask them to lift their arm, it doesn’t really hurtContinue reading

Trigger Points – Pain inside shoulder blade when slouching while seated

Pain along the inside of the shoulders is seldom rhomboids. Trigger points in the scalenes, iliocostalis thoracis, infraspinatus and lower trapezius are much more likely. Look closely at the section on “Similar Patterns” to see ifContinue reading

Trigger Points – Sharp Pain in Front of Shoulder

Client’s Description People complain of pain in the shoulder that is sharp and sudden when reaching up and/or forward. This may occur during a tennis serve or when getting something off of a high shelf. This can alsoContinue reading