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Shoulder Muscles

Deltoid – Functional Anatomy

Deltoid   Deltoid is a triangular muscle that works closely with the rotator cuff muscles to lift the humeral shaft superiorly. It is also key in preventing dislocation of the humerus when lifting heavy loads. All bellies Origin – lateral third of the clavicle, acromion and spine fo the scapula Insertion – deltoid tuberosity of the …

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Infraspinatus – Functional Anatomy

The anatomy of the infraspinatus is a bit more complicated than typically explained. A more detailed understanding is helpful for effective neuromuscular massage. Overview of Anatomy Overview Attachments, Function, and Innervation Origin: infraspinous fossa Insertion: posterior greater tubercle of the humerus Function: stabilize the humeral head, externally rotate the humerus Innervation: C4-C6, Brachial Plexus, Suprascapular nerve …

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Subscapularis – Functional Anatomy

Subscapularis The subscapularis muscle is thick with multiple bellies on the underside of the scapula. Its tendon is separated from the joint capsule by a bursa. It can be a key player in frozen shoulder and pitching restrictions. Origin: subscapular fossa Insertion: lesser tubercle of the humerus Function: stabilization of the humeral head, internal rotation of the …

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Teres Minor – Functional Anatomy

    Teres minor is a simple muscle in a complicated area of structural anatomy. Its a flat muscle that lies up under the inferior belly of infraspinatus and posterior deltoid. It is the border of rotator cuff muscle. Consequently, teres covers the long head of the triceps, which attaches to the infraglenoid tubercle and separates …

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Supraspinatus – Functional Anatomy

Supraspinatus Supraspinatus is a rotator cuff muscle located on the superior aspect of the scapula. Origin: Supraspinous fossa Insertion: greater tubercle of the humerus Function: abduction of the humerus. Details vary from one study to another but it appears to pull the humerus into the fossa as it abducts and resists downward glide of the …

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