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Extrinsic Back Muscles

Rhomboid Major and Minor Muscles – Functional Anatomy

Rhomboid Muscles The anatomy of the rhomboid major and minor seem straightforward. These muscles attach the upper thoracic and lower cervical vertebrae to the scapula. Consequently, these muscles trap the ribs, sternum, and clavicle between their attachments. The rhomboid major and minor are usually thought of as retracting the scapula. Surprisingly, they are very active in …

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Levator Scapula – Functional Anatomy

Overview of the Anatomy of Levator Scalupa. The Levator scapula is a ropy extrinsic back muscle that connects the scapula to the upper cervical vertebrae through the clavicle, manubrium, first rib, and lower cervical vertebrae. Levator scapula is stretched by Forward-Head Posture, elevating and protracting the scapula. Studies show that there are statistically significant variations …

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