Anatomy

Functional Anatomy – Occipitalis

Occipitalis is part of a larger structure called the epicranius or occipitofrontalis muscle. The epicranius consists of the frontalis muscle and the occipitalis muscle which are joined by a fascial structure called the galea aponeurotica. The Occipitalis located on the posterolateral cranium. It has notable variations in area and thickness from person to person. Inferiorly, …

Functional Anatomy – Occipitalis Read More »

Iliotibial Tract and Fascia Lata – Functional Anatomy

The fascia lata is the deep fascia that wraps the outer thigh. It attaches superiorly to the crest of the Ilium and inguinal ligament continues onto the pubic rami, ischial tuberosity, sacrotuberous ligament, coccyx and sacrum. Distally it thickens as it attaches to the proximal tibia. It offers elastic stability, much like a compression stocking …

Iliotibial Tract and Fascia Lata – Functional Anatomy Read More »

Functional Anatomy – Pelvic Ligaments

The major osseous structures of the pelvis are wrapped in a complex fascial structure that, like the osseous structures change and evolve as we age. In the first two decades, we have more boney pieces held together by cartilaginous plates that fuse as decades pass. Eventually, in our 4th or 5th decade, all of the …

Functional Anatomy – Pelvic Ligaments Read More »

Splenius Cervicis – Functional Anatomy

Origin – spinous processes of T3-T6 Insertion – anterior aspect of the transverse processes of C1-C3 Function – unilaterally this is involved in rotation and side-bending of the neck. Bilaterally, these muscles extend the neck. “Splenius” comes from the Greek word “splenion” meaning “bandage.” This muscle acts as a wrap around the muscles of the …

Splenius Cervicis – Functional Anatomy Read More »