Anatomy

Iliotibial Tract and Fascia Lata – Functional Anatomy

The fascia lata is the deep fascia that wraps the outer thigh. It attaches superiorly to the crest of the Ilium and inguinal ligament continues onto the pubic rami, ischial tuberosity, sacrotuberous ligament, coccyx and sacrum. Distally it thickens as it attaches to the proximal tibia. It offers elastic stability, much like a compression stocking …

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Functional Anatomy – Pelvic Ligaments

The major osseous structures of the pelvis are wrapped in a complex fascial structure that, like the osseous structures change and evolve as we age. In the first two decades, we have more boney pieces held together by cartilaginous plates that fuse as decades pass. Eventually, in our 4th or 5th decade, all of the …

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Splenius Cervicis – Functional Anatomy

Origin – spinous processes of T3-T6 Insertion – anterior aspect of the transverse processes of C1-C3 Function – unilaterally this is involved in rotation and side-bending of the neck. Bilaterally, these muscles extend the neck. “Splenius” comes from the Greek word “splenion” meaning “bandage.” This muscle acts as a wrap around the muscles of the …

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Scalene Muscles – Functional Anatomy

Scalenes are 3 (sometimes 4) muscles on either side of the neck. The 3 common bellies are name for their position; scalenus anterior, scalenus medius, scalenus posterior. The anomaly is called scalenus minimus.They are lateral cervical muscles that connect the cervical vertebrae to the upper thoracic cage. They are long muscles with fibers of uneven …

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