Extrinsic Back Muscles
Extrinsic back muscles connect the occiput, spine, and pelvis to the upper extremity. They elevate and depress the scapula but, mostly, retract the scapula. Click on the images below for more information about the anatomy and pain patterns of these muscles.
Tony Preston has a practice in Atlanta, Georgia where he sees clients.
He has written and taught about anatomy, trigger points and cranial therapies since the mid-90s.