Here, you will find a safe, basic routine for balancing the musculature that supports the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ). It provides relief from mild TMJ dysfunction, especially when used daily.
The temporomandibular joint could be to be the most complex joint in the body. It has to accommodate a combination of hinging, gliding, and rotary motions. These stretches help with all those motions.
This series stretches some of the basic motions of the TMJ. Additionally, when done with measured speed and tension, it balances the mechanism. So, use the ice-and-stretch method. It can offer immediate relief for many TMJ imbalances.
First, with each stretch, lengthen to the point of slight tension and hold it for about 2 seconds. Also, four reps work well for each muscle if you do ice-and-stretch. Otherwise, do 10-12 gentle stretches if you are not using ice-and-stretch.
When using ice-and-stretch, apply ice along all of the areas of muscle shown in this illustration before starting the first stretch. It will make this process more comfortable, faster, and more effective. Topical creams like IcyHot tend to irritate your eyes.
This stretches the temporalis, masseter, and medial pterygoids.
Avoid this if you have problems with your jaw locking in the open position. Again, see a TMJ specialist for evaluation.
You should feel the tension on the right as it stretches the lateral pterygoid. If you want extra stretching, focus on more repetitions, not more force. This approach will make the stretching easier and more effective.
You should feel the tension on the left as it stretches the lateral pterygoid. If you want extra stretching, focus on more repetitions, not more force. This approach will make the stretching easier and more effective.
This stretches the digastricus and the retrodiscal tissue. Be gentle, as this can feel sharp in the joint when you are too aggressive.
Avoid this if you get open locks, Instead, see your TMJ practitioner for an evaluation.
This stretch focuses on the lateral pterygoid. Also, it stretches the deep masseter.
This should be easier and open wider with less pain and tension.
I’d love your feedback on how this works for you and any suggestions you might have.
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Tony Preston has a practice in Atlanta, Georgia, where he sees clients. He has written materials and instructed classes since the mid-90s. This includes anatomy, trigger points, cranial, and neuromuscular.
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