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Gluteal and Lateral Hip Rotator Muscles – Functional Anatomy

gluteal muscles – posterior view


Gluteal muscles form the fullness of the hip. They originate on the pelvis and insert on the femur. The gluteus maximus also attaches to the tibia via the iliotibial band. Primarily, these muscles extend and abduct the hip joint. The lateral glutes are key in supporting the pelvis while the ipsilateral leg lifts and swings while walking.

Lateral hip rotators lie deep to the gluteal muscles. They originate on the pelvis and insert on the posterior femur. Primarily, they laterally rotate the hip joint. Also, they help to abduct the hip joint when it is flexed. The triceps coxae is the structure created by the obturator internus, gemellus superior, and gemellus inferior.

Here, you will find links to each of the gluteal muscles and lateral rotators of the hip. Each of those posts has detailed anatomy on that muscle. This includes:

  • origin, insertion
  • function
  • nerve
  • functional considerations
  • anomalies
  • grid of related posts including
    • trigger point patterns
    • self-care
    • massage notes
    • related techniques

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Tony Preston has a practice in Atlanta, Georgia, where he sees clients. He has written and taught about anatomy, trigger points, and cranial therapies since the mid-90s.

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*This site is undergoing significant changes. We are reformatting and expanding the posts to make them easier to read. The result will also be more accessible and will include more patterns with better self-care. In the meanwhile, there may be inconsistencies in formatting, content presentation, and readability. Until we get older posts updated, please excuse our mess.